Stateside Legal: Federal Benefits at Separation

How To Use This Chart: This is a quick summary of several important benefits. The chart shows whether you may qualify, based on your discharge status. For more information, search for the benefit by name or follow the links in the left hand column. In the right hand column you can follow the links to the laws that relate to that benefit. We have tried to make this chart updated and accurate. Please notify us of any errors or suggested changes.

 

IMPORTANT NOTE: Each benefit carries additional eligibility rules. This chart screens for discharge status only.

 

Legend:

E—Eligible (not precluded; additional eligibility rules apply)

NE—Not Eligible

TBD—To be determined by Administering Agency

 

Honorable General Other than Honorable Bad Conduct Dishonorable Authority and References
Transitional Benefits & Services
Pre-separation Counseling E E E E E 10 USC 1142
Employment Assistance E E E E NE 10 USC 1143
1144
Health Benefits E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1145
Commissary/Exchange E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1146
Military Family Housing E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1147
Overseas Relocation Assistance E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1148
Excess Leave/Permissive TDY E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1149
Preference for USAR/ARNG E E NE NE NE 10 USC 1150
Montgomery G.I. Bill (additional Opportunity) E NE NE NE NE 38 USC 3011
Department of Veteran Affairs
Service-Related Disability Compensation E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1131
Dependency and Indemnity Compensation E E E E NE 38 USC 1310
Pension for Non-Service Connected Disability or Death E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1521
Medal of Honor Roll Pension E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1562
Insurance E E TBD TBD TBD 38 USC 1977
1973
Vocational Rehabilitation (DV) E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 3102
Educational Assistance [27] E NE NE NE NE 38 USC 3311
Survivors & Dependents Educational Assistance[27] E E E E NE 38 USC 3501
Home and other Loans [30] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 3702
Hospitalization & Domiciliary Care E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1710
Medical & Dental [33] Services E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1712
Prosthetic Appliances (DV) [35] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1714
Guide Dog Equipment for Blindness (DV) [37] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 1714
Special Housing (DV) [38] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 2101
Automobiles (DV) [40] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 3901
38 USC 3902
Funeral and Burial Expenses [43] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 2302
Burial Flag [45] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 2301
Burial in National Cemeteries [47] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 2402
Headstone Marker [49] E E TBD TBD NE 38 USC 2306
Army Administered
Payment for Accrued leave E E NE NE NE 37 USC 501 – 503
Death Gratuity E E E E NE 10 USC 1480
Wearing of Military Uniform E E NE NE NE 10 USC 771a
772
AR 670-1
Burial in Army National Cemeteries E E NE NE NE 32 CFR 553.17
AR 290-5
Burial in Army Post Cemeteries E E NE NE NE AR 210-190
Army Board for Correction of Military Records E E E E E 10 USC 1552
AR 15-185
Army Discharge Review Board E E E NE NE 10 USC 1552
AR 15-180
Transportation to Home E E E E E 37 USC 474
Transportation of Dependents and Household Goods to Home E E TBD TBD TBD 37 USC 476
Administered by Other Federal Agencies
Preference for Farm Loan (Dept. of Agriculture) E E E E NE 7 USC 1983(5)
Preference for Farm and other Rural Housing Loans (Dept. of Agriculture) E E E E NE 42 USC 1477
Civil Service Preference (Office of Personnel Management) E E NE NE NE 5 USC 2108 , 3309-33163502, 3504
Civil Service Retirement Credit E NE NE NE NE 5 USC 8331
[8332
Reemployment Rights (Dept. of Labor) E E NE NE NE 38 USC 4312
Job Counseling & Employment Placement (Dept. of Labor) E E E E NE 38 USC 4101 – 4114
Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Service members (Dept. of Labor) E E NE NE NE 5 USC 8501
[8521
Naturalization Benefits (Dept. of Homeland Security) E E NE NE NE 8 USC 1439
Old Age, Survivors & Disability Insurance 9Social Security Administration) E E TBD TBD NE 42 USC 417
Job Preference, Public Works Projects (Dept. of Commerce) E E TBD TBD NE 42 USC 6706
5 CFR 211

NOTE: The states also provide various benefits that are dependent on discharge status.

Original source link: http://statesidelegal.org/benefits_separation